Boldly speaking, the cyberspace is at a never-ending war with hackers. Businesses and their customers are being attacked more frequently than ever. And surprisingly, only 38% of the leading global organizations are equipped with ways and means to handle such attacks.
The best way for organizations to win this war on cybersecurity is to be equipped with over-the-edge penetration testing tools. Penetration testing or pen testing can simply be referred to as a practice game of security assessment. Here, the security experts rigorously assess every nook and corner of the IT infrastructure with the aim of discovering vulnerabilities before hackers.
Now, the tools which aid penetration testing become really significant. These Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing tools or VAPT tools play a remarkable role in ensuring the security of web-based or mobile-based applications throughout the world.
What is Pentesting?
A penetration test is kind of a virtual cyberattack targeted on systems to check for underlying security vulnerabilities. During the test, pen-testers, as they are generally called, simulate an attack in a similar manner as any hacker would do and detect all the possible loopholes.
The test can involve attempted attacks at specific system targets like APIs, servers and other application components. The main goal is to uncover security vulnerabilities which make the entire infrastructure susceptible to attacks. After the end of the test, experts generate useful insights and use them to fine-tune the existing security systems and patch detected loopholes.
Who Performs Pentesting?
Penetration tests are performed by network security experts known as pen-testers. Their main goal is to find all the possible vulnerabilities across the target organization's security systems. Penetration testers are expected to drive useful insights through these tests and help security professionals of the target organization in patching all the discovered threats. Without a doubt, pen-testers possess a lot of creativity and technical expertise in matters related to security.
Here we have prepared a list of some of the best penetration testing tools for extensive security assessments:
Best Penetration Testing Tools
1. Kali Linux
Widely regarded as one of the best open-source tools, Kali Linux is a Debian based Linux distribution that may be described as the swiss knife for the penetration testing community. This pen testing operating system comes with around 600 different tools with tonnes of exhaustive security features.
When it comes to SQL injection related worries, the first option which comes into the minds of pen testers is sqlmap. This open-source VAPT audit tool efficiently detects SQL injection flaws and almost anything wrong with your database servers. Its powerful detection engine is capable of identifying and exploiting even the most far-fetched flaws in database management systems.
Commonly known as Network Mapper, Nmap is the most preferred tool for port scanning. One of the most efficient and customizable penetration testing assessment tools, Nmap can effectively scan both large as well as small networks for threats. Nmap is generally used in the preliminary steps of thorough VAPT audits to find out which network ports are susceptible to serious threats.
Metasploit is widely considered as one of the leading penetration testing frameworks across the globe. Supported by Rapid7, Metasploit can be used on servers, networks and applications as well. This tool has a basic command-line interface and works smoothly on Windows, Apple Mac OS, and Linux.
5. Burp Suite
Burp Suite is widely used by security experts for the assessment of web-based applications. It intercepts web traffic between client and web server by acting as an effective proxy tool and analyzes the responses and requests to carry out key security tests. Both licensed and open source versions of this tool are available in the market.
Aircrack-NG analyzes the vulnerabilities in WiFi networks by deploying an expansive collection of penetration testing assessment tools. This WiFi testing suite captures data packets of your WiFi network and exports them as text files for further analysis. It also carries out other functions like identifying fake access points, assessing driver capabilities and WiFi cards and so on.
WireShark is a penetration testing tool that is inherently utilized as a network protocol and packet analyzer. It supports a variety of useful protocols and is primarily used for detailed network and wireless traffic inspection. It also analyzes wireless over-the-air traffic for in-depth security assessment. It is also an open-source tool and can be used on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, etc.
Nessus maybe that one-stop solution to all your IT infrastructure worries. It is a popular and paid VAPT audit tool that offers lightning-fast security scans. Some common, as well as exceptional vulnerabilities like open ports, configuration flaws, and password errors, could be fixed easily using Nessus. It can also perform detailed website scans, sensitive data searches, IP scans and compliance checks.
9. OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP)
OWASP’s Zed Attack Proxy or ZAP is a widely popular pen-testing tool for both web applications and mobile apps. This open-source tool is maintained by numerous international volunteers who regularly update it with new modules and add-ons. ZAP can also be used by experienced testers for manual security testing. Other high-end testing features like AJAX spidering, fuzzing and WebSocket testing surely make it a go-to tool for detailed security scans. ZAP’s plugins also make it easy to integrate directly into the DevOps pipeline.
Related topic: Mobile app security testing tools
One of the best open-source pen-test tools for Android, Drozer not only supports actual Android devices for vulnerability assessment but emulators also. Developed by MWR InfoSecurity (now known as F-Secure Consulting), Drozer is trusted by many to identify and exploit security vulnerabilities in apps and mobile devices. Through automated testing, Drozer not only reduces the time taken for security assessment but also ensures that your organization is not exposed to any unacceptable levels of risk due to Android apps or devices.
Quick Android Review Kit or QARK was developed by LinkedIn. This open-source mobile VAPT tool is widely used by security experts to identify security flaws in Java-based Android apps. This tool provides detailed descriptions of security flaws by deeply analyzing app source codes and setup files. QARK also generates dynamic ADB (Android Debug Bridge) commands to help in the validation of detected vulnerabilities.
Mitmproxy is an open-source man-in-the-middle HTTP proxy employed for testing, debugging and penetration testing. This SSL-capable tool can be used to inspect, intercept, replay and modify HTTP web traffic and other protected protocols, and prevent man-in-the-middle attacks.
It is often said that the best way to beat your opponents is to always be one step ahead of them. Penetration testing tools work in a similar way. They prepare your security systems by testing them on all fronts and cover all the loopholes so that hackers don’t find any.
From beginners to cybersecurity experts, everyone can utilize the advanced features of these tools and easily get acquainted with potential security risks beforehand. Further being aware of some of the best cybersecurity tips and best practices can go a long way in ensuring the security and privacy of your organization.
Combine the power of open source tools with manual penetration testing! Get a FREE access to our Webinar 'How to Perform Manual Pentest on Mobile Applications' and learn how we combine the benefits of both manual and automated testing to multiply your testing results and speed.
This webinar was attended by security experts and enthusiasts from renowned companies like PwC, Dell , McAfee, Ernst & Young, NowSecure , Acunetix, Axis bank and Unilever.